Basin Analysis of Fluvial Sediments
- J. D. Collinson and
- J. Lewin
Published Online: 29 APR 2009
Copyright © 1983 The International Association of Sedimentologists
Modern and Ancient Fluvial Systems
How to Cite
Miall, A. D. (1983) Basin Analysis of Fluvial Sediments, in Modern and Ancient Fluvial Systems (eds J. D. Collinson and J. Lewin), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444303773.ch22
- Published Online: 29 APR 2009
- Published Print: 7 FEB 1983
Print ISBN: 9780632009978
Online ISBN: 9781444303773
- basin analysis of fluvial sediments;
- plate motions;
- tectonic changes;
- fluvial sedimentology;
Major fluvial basins may contain hundreds or thousands of metres of fill, accumulated over tens of millions of years. In this time, plate motions may have subjected the basin to complex tectonic changes and carried it through several climatic zones. Analysis of the sediments at the basin level therefore requires us to recognize the effects of a range of sedimentary controls and to use a variety of basin analysis techniques.
This approach resolves into three main areas:
(1) The development of special basin analysis methods for non-marine rocks. Problems of stratigraphy and correlation are particularly acute because of rapid lateral facies changes. Climate is a first-order sedimentary control; its analysis depends on a variety of developing petrological, geochemical and pedological techniques.
(2) Development of models for alluvial architecture which reflect, more fully than at present, the variables of lithosome geometry, interpreted channel geomorphology and channel shifting behavior.
(3) Exploration of the basin-scale effects of tectonics and climate through the documentation of detailed case-studies. Application of plate tectonic principles should permit the development of generalized structural, stratigraphic and palaeogeographic models as this documentation is improved.