Lithofacies of the Markanda Terminal Fan, Kurukshetra District, Haryana, India

  1. J. D. Collinson and
  2. J. Lewin
  1. B. Parkash,
  2. A. K. Awasthi and
  3. K. Gohain

Published Online: 29 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444303773.ch27

Modern and Ancient Fluvial Systems

Modern and Ancient Fluvial Systems

How to Cite

Parkash, B., Awasthi, A. K. and Gohain, K. (1983) Lithofacies of the Markanda Terminal Fan, Kurukshetra District, Haryana, India, in Modern and Ancient Fluvial Systems (eds J. D. Collinson and J. Lewin), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444303773.ch27

Author Information

  1. Department of Earth Sciences, University of Roorkee, Roorkee 247672, India

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 7 FEB 1983

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780632009978

Online ISBN: 9781444303773



  • Markanda terminal fan lithofacies – Kurukshetra district, Haryana, India;
  • vertical accretion;
  • lobate topographic form;
  • Flaser bedding;
  • channel sediments


The Markanda river is an ephemeral, straight stream which forms a terminal fan in Kurukshetra district, Haryana, India. It has a width of about 80 m and maximum monthly flow volume of 58 × 106 m3. The surface of the fan is marked by a network of abandoned streams forming a distributive pattern. Surficial sediments consist of channel and overbank deposits. The channel sediments generally consist of fining-up sequences (15 cm–2 m thick) starting with an erosional surface, without marked relief, overlain by a sequence of interbedded trough/planar cross-bedded and horizontal bedded sand facies, passing up into cross-laminated and flaser-bedded sand facies. Further up the channel sand may pass up into horizontal laminated silt and massive mud facies. There is a distinct decrease in thickness of channel sands and increase in percentage thickness of horizontal-bedded sand facies from apex to toe of the fan. The overbank sediments consist of thin, climbing ripple laminated sand, trough cross-laminated sand, interbedded mud, silt and sand facies passing into thick (10–80 cm) massive mud facies with rootlets and desiccation cracks. Major deposition in the channels and inter-distributary area seems to have taken place by vertical accretion.