An Eocene Biodetrital Mud-Mound from the Southern Pyrenean Foreland Basin, Spain: An Ancient Analogue for Florida Bay Mounds?

  1. C. L. V. Monty,
  2. D. W. J. Bosence,
  3. P. H. Bridges and
  4. B. R. Pratt
  1. M. C. Taberner1 and
  2. D. W. J. Bosence2

Published Online: 14 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444304114.ch15

Carbonate Mud-Mounds: Their Origin and Evolution

Carbonate Mud-Mounds: Their Origin and Evolution

How to Cite

Taberner, M. C. and Bosence, D. W. J. (1995) An Eocene Biodetrital Mud-Mound from the Southern Pyrenean Foreland Basin, Spain: An Ancient Analogue for Florida Bay Mounds?, in Carbonate Mud-Mounds: Their Origin and Evolution (eds C. L. V. Monty, D. W. J. Bosence, P. H. Bridges and B. R. Pratt), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444304114.ch15

Author Information

  1. 1

    Instituto de Ciencias de la Tierra, CSIC Marti i Franques, s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain

  2. 2

    Department of Geology, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey TW20 0EX, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 17 JUL 1995

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780865429338

Online ISBN: 9781444304114

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Keywords:

  • cenozoic mud-mounds;
  • storm-generated erosional scours and marls;
  • Nodular wackestone subfacies;
  • Coral Patch-Reef facies;
  • transition between the patch-reef facies and the deltaic facies;
  • SEM study of muddy matrix

Summary

An Eocene mud-mound outcrops within a shallow-water carbonate-siliciclastic shelf sequence located close to the southern (foreland) margin of the Pateogene southern Pyrenean foreland basin. Outcrops are approximately perpendicular to the shoreline and permit a shore-to-basin reconstruction of palaeoenvironments.

The small (less than 2.5 m thick and less than 120 m wide) carbonate mud-mound overlies deltaic sandstones. The main lithologies within the mound are nodular wackestones and nummulitic marls. Seaward and central areas are characterized by wackestones arranged in aggradational and progradational convex-up beds. Branching corals are scattered within the mound but are not preserved as a framework. The shoreward margin is characterized by wackestones (with corals) which are repeatedly cut by scour surfaces. Scour surfaces are infilled with nummulite marls and bedded wackestones with scattered corals. These interfinger with the mound-core wackestones. Each marl and bedded wackestone is overlain by retrogradational wackestones of the mound.

Bioclastic grains include coral, foraminifera, mollusc, bryozoan and coralline algal debris, which, together with detrital quartz, are set in a micritic matrix. The matrix is composed of low-Mg calcite micrite and microspar with minor dolomite and quartz with no identifiable microbial/algal filaments. There are no indications of early cementation of the micrite, early cavities or early cements. The muds appear to have been mainly generated as biodetrital grains which were physically deposited. Corals show neomorphism or a mouldic porosity and spar infill.

The occurrence of presumed storm-generated erosional scours and marls on the shoreward side indicate that this was also the windward margin. The mound therefore had the same environmental setting, size and composition as the Recent biodetrital mounds of Florida Bay.