Chapter 36. Adrenal Tumors

  1. Duncan T. Wilcox MBBS, MD, FEAPU Associate Professor2,
  2. Prasad P. Godbole FRCS, FRCS, (Paed) Consultant Paediatric Urologist3 and
  3. Martin A. Koyle MD, FAAP, FACS Professor of Urology Pediatrics Chief4,5
  1. Bruce Broecker MD Clinical Associate Professor of Pediatric Urology and
  2. James Elmore MD Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatric Urology

Published Online: 7 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444304183.ch36

Pediatric Urology: Surgical Complications and Management

Pediatric Urology: Surgical Complications and Management

How to Cite

Broecker, B. and Elmore, J. (2008) Adrenal Tumors, in Pediatric Urology: Surgical Complications and Management (eds D. T. Wilcox, P. P. Godbole and M. A. Koyle), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444304183.ch36

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Pediatric Urology, Rose Mary Haggar Professorship in Urology, University of Texas Southwestern, Dallas, TX, USA

  2. 3

    Sheffield Children's NHS Trust, Sheffield, UK

  3. 4

    University of Washington, USA

  4. 5

    Division of Urology, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA

Author Information

  1. Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 MAY 2009
  2. Published Print: 16 MAY 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405162685

Online ISBN: 9781444304183



  • adrenal tumors;
  • adrenal glands;
  • outer zona glomerulosa, a middle zona fasciculata, and inner zona reticularis – zones responsible for production of aldosterone, cortisol, and adrenal androgens;
  • adrenal hypersecretion;
  • neuroblastoma – malignant tumor of neural crest origin;
  • pheochromocytoma – neuroendocrine tumor


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Adrenal anatomy

  • Adrenal physiology/biochemistry

  • Adrenal insufficiency: Symptoms

  • Adrenal hypersecretion: Symptoms

  • Specific tumors

  • Adrenal surgery: Surgical approach

  • Prevention of complications

  • Conclusion

  • References