Chapter 2. Cretaceous Climates

  1. V. Paul Wright
  1. Jane E. Francis1 and
  2. L. A. Frakes2

Published Online: 9 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444304534.ch2

Sedimentology Review/1

Sedimentology Review/1

How to Cite

Francis, J. E. and Frakes, L. A. (1993) Cretaceous Climates, in Sedimentology Review/1 (ed V. P. Wright), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444304534.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Postgraduate Research Institute for Sedimentology, University of Reading, PO Box 227, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 2AB, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Earth Sciences, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Adelaide, PO Box 498, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 2 FEB 1993

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780632031023

Online ISBN: 9781444304534



  • cretaceous climates - ‘warm and equable’, mild uniform climates characterizing Earth history;
  • dinosaur bones - present in Cretaceous polar deposits;
  • mid-Cretaceous - great change in vegetation;
  • cool climate phase - organic carbon burial at the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary;
  • Cretaceous - ‘ice-free’ period and lack of glacial tillites;
  • glendonite nodules from Lower Cretaceous Bulldog Shale in Eromanga Basin of central Australia;
  • Cretaceous - ‘greenhouse’ climate with high levels of CO in atmosphere;
  • late Cretaceous - warmer and CO levels possibly higher;
  • Cretaceous floras in mid-North America - peak of warmth during Santonian, while in Alaska warmest period during Coniacian


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Setting the scene

  • The warm oceans

  • Climates on land

  • Climate-sensitive rocks

  • The carbon record

  • Evidence of ice

  • Climate modelling

  • Summary

  • References