Chapter 25. Pleasure

  1. Georgios Anagnostopoulos Professor
  1. George Rudebusch Professor

Published Online: 2 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444305661.ch25

A Companion to Aristotle

A Companion to Aristotle

How to Cite

Rudebusch, G. (2009) Pleasure, in A Companion to Aristotle (ed G. Anagnostopoulos), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444305661.ch25

Editor Information

  1. University of California, San Diego, USA

Author Information

  1. Northern Arizona University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 30 JAN 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405122238

Online ISBN: 9781444305661



  • unified theory of pleasure;
  • phenomenon of sensate pleasure and restoration theory;
  • how Aristotle refutes restoration theory;
  • Aristotle's refutation - two objections;
  • actualizing potentials and acts of power;
  • levels of completeness of act;
  • reply to first objection - false pleasure;
  • unforced acts of power - complete human acts;
  • impeded and unimpeded complete human acts;
  • counterfeit pleasure


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Should We Look for a Unified Theory of Pleasure?

  • The Phenomenon of Sensate Pleasure and the Restoration Theory

  • How Aristotle Refutes the Restoration Theory

  • Two Objections to Aristotle's Refutation

  • Actualizing Potentials and Acts of Power

  • Levels of Completeness of Act

  • Reply to First Objection: False Pleasure

  • Reply to Second Objection

  • Unforced Acts of Power Are Complete Human Acts

  • Beauty in Act

  • Impeded and Unimpeded Complete Human Acts

  • Counterfeit Pleasure

  • Complete Acts Relative to the Agent's Nature

  • Absolutely Complete Acts

  • Pleasure as Flow

  • Divine Act

  • Conclusion

  • Notes

  • Bibliography