14. Aristotle's Logic and Theory of Science

  1. Mary Louise Gill2 and
  2. Pierre Pellegrin3
  1. Wolfgang Detel

Published Online: 8 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch14

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

How to Cite

Detel, W. (2012) Aristotle's Logic and Theory of Science, in A Companion to Ancient Philosophy (eds M. L. Gill and P. Pellegrin), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch14

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Brown University, USA

  2. 3

    National Center for Scientific Research (Paris), France

Author Information

  1. University of Frankfurt/Main, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 2 MAY 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780631210610

Online ISBN: 9781444305845



  • Aristotle's logic and theory of science;
  • Aristotle's logic, in Prior Analytics and Posterior Analytics;
  • Aristotle, and Plato's idea, of knowledge in the proper sense, universal facts;
  • Prior Analytics, as more developed than the Posterior Analytics;
  • Aristotle and canonical form of syllogistic, universal affirmative or universal negative;
  • interpretations of Aristotle's Syllogistic Logic;
  • assertoric and modal syllogistic, how every deduction comes about;
  • Aristotle, and knowledge of facts, as foundation of scientific knowledge;
  • Aristotle's idea, a cause of an effect, the question of why an effect occurs;
  • Aristotelian causes and effects, connected by a universal empirical regularity


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Knowledge and Analysis

  • The Relation Between Prior and Posterior Analytics

  • Syllogistic

  • Interpretations of Aristotle's Syllogistic Logic

  • Knowledge of Facts

  • Aristotelian Causes

  • Demonstration

  • Principles

  • Definitions and Demonstrations

  • Necessity

  • Science and Dialectic

  • Fallibility

  • Applicability

  • Readings of Aristotle's Theory of Science

  • Epistemological Status of the Analytics

  • Bibliography