16. Aristotle's Biology and Aristotle's Philosophy

  1. Mary Louise Gill2 and
  2. Pierre Pellegrin3
  1. James G. Lennox

Published Online: 8 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch16

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

How to Cite

Lennox, J. G. (2012) Aristotle's Biology and Aristotle's Philosophy, in A Companion to Ancient Philosophy (eds M. L. Gill and P. Pellegrin), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch16

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Brown University, USA

  2. 3

    National Center for Scientific Research (Paris), France

Author Information

  1. University of Pittsburgh, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 2 MAY 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780631210610

Online ISBN: 9781444305845



  • Aristotle's biology and Aristotle's philosophy;
  • Aristotle's “animal studies,” biological;
  • teleologically organized composites of matter and form, and causality and chance;
  • teleological reasoning, extended to the study of nature;
  • focus on living nature, the form and goal-directed actions dominant;
  • biology and the theory of knowledge;
  • Aristotle, and the relationship between causal demonstration and scientific definition;
  • Aristotle's Metaphysics, enriching studies of his zoological works;
  • principles and causes of the substantial being, a prior claim;
  • De Anima, Aristotle's epistemological and metaphysical views


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Biology and the Theory of Knowledge

  • Biology and Metaphysics

  • Soul, Life, and Reason

  • Conclusion

  • Bibliography