18. First Philosophy in Aristotle

  1. Mary Louise Gill1 and
  2. Pierre Pellegrin2
  1. Mary Louise Gill

Published Online: 8 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch18

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

How to Cite

Gill, M. L. (2012) First Philosophy in Aristotle, in A Companion to Ancient Philosophy (eds M. L. Gill and P. Pellegrin), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Brown University, USA

  2. 2

    National Center for Scientific Research (Paris), France

Author Information

  1. Brown University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 2 MAY 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780631210610

Online ISBN: 9781444305845



  • Aristotle, and the First Philosophy;
  • Aristotle's Metaphysics (ta meta ta phusika), “the things after the physical things”;
  • domain of physics, and things subjected to change;
  • philosophy, causes and principles, as from simply as being;
  • Aristotle, on science of Being qua Being, into categories, the highest genera;
  • focal meaning, of homonymy, the being as affections of substance;
  • substance as the product of change, Matter the persisting subject, and form the positive member;
  • being and essence distinction, the being of an entity kath' hauto;
  • Aristotle's potentiality and actuality, and the categorial scheme of predication;
  • living organisms, as substances, behavior from an inner principle, Aristotle'sphusis


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • What is First Philosophy?

  • The Science of Being qua Being

  • Categories and Change

  • What Being is Primary?

  • Overview of Metaphysics Z

  • Subject

  • Essence

  • The Problem of Matter

  • The Status of Form

  • Potentiality and Actuality

  • Form–Matter Predication

  • Form and Functional Matter

  • Primary Substances

  • Theology

  • Bibliography