6. Socrates

  1. Mary Louise Gill2 and
  2. Pierre Pellegrin3
  1. Donald R. Morrison

Published Online: 8 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch6

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

A Companion to Ancient Philosophy

How to Cite

Morrison, D. R. (2012) Socrates, in A Companion to Ancient Philosophy (eds M. L. Gill and P. Pellegrin), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444305845.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Brown University, USA

  2. 3

    National Center for Scientific Research (Paris), France

Author Information

  1. Rice University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 2 MAY 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780631210610

Online ISBN: 9781444305845



  • Socrates, the Socratics, and Plato;
  • Socrates, patron saint of philosophy, intellectualism, denying a weakness of will;
  • character “Socrates” in Plato's dialogues, fascinating world literature;
  • Socrates' divine sign or “daimonion” a magnificent paradox;
  • Socrates' philosophical refutations of the powerful, annoying many;
  • Aristophanes' Clouds, the Socratic writings of Plato, the Socratic writings of Xenophon;
  • Socrates on natural phenomena as material necessity, than on divine intervention;
  • the characteristic of Socrates, exposing their pretensions to wisdom, as that of the oracle;
  • Socrates' critique of Greek religion, impact on Western culture;
  • Socratic method, and Socratic refutation, in Greek as elenchus


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Life and Character

  • Socrates in Aristophanes' Clouds

  • Plato's Apology of Socrates

  • Socratic Method

  • Moral Psychology

  • Education and Politics

  • Irony

  • Xenophon

  • Conclusion

  • Bibliography