Chapter 7. The Producing Population

  1. John Haldon Professor
  1. Michel Kaplan Professor

Published Online: 12 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444305906.ch7

The Social History of Byzantium

The Social History of Byzantium

How to Cite

Kaplan, M. (2008) The Producing Population, in The Social History of Byzantium (ed J. Haldon), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444305906.ch7

Editor Information

  1. History Department, Princeton University, USA

Author Information

  1. Université Paris I (Panthéon-Sorbonne), France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 28 NOV 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405132404

Online ISBN: 9781444305906



  • producing population;
  • laboring population in Byzantium - faced with major difficulties;
  • peasant farmers, artisans working in villages, artisans for retail commerce;
  • producers in countryside;
  • agricultural techniques evolving slowly over course of Byzantine period - stability being the rule;
  • end of ancient world;
  • abandoned villages of Massif Calcaire east of Antioch - portrait of small and middle producers;
  • predominance of independent peasantry;
  • producers of cities - artisans and shopkeepers;
  • industrial workers


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Producers in the Countryside

  • The Producers of the Cities

  • Bibliography