P

  1. Shane J. Lopez
  1. Silvia Osswald1,
  2. Dieter Frey1,
  3. Tobias Greitemeyer1,
  4. Ilana Shapiro2,
  5. Rezarta Bilali2,
  6. Johanna Vollhardt2,
  7. Jane E. Gillham3,4,
  8. Karen J. Reivich4,
  9. Cynthia L. S. Pury5,
  10. Christine Robitschek6,
  11. Cynthia Spering6,
  12. P. Alex Linley7,
  13. John Maltby8,
  14. Mark D. Holder9,
  15. Andrea Klassen9,
  16. W. Bruce Walsh10,
  17. Nansook Park11,
  18. Heather N. Rasmussen12,
  19. Sarah D. Pressman13,
  20. Sandra W. Russ14,
  21. Beth L. Pearson14,
  22. Sarah Cain Spannagel14,
  23. Danielle Johnson12,
  24. Kristin Naragon15,
  25. David Watson15,
  26. Jeffrey J. Froh16,
  27. Samuel Knapp17,
  28. Michael C. Gottileb18,
  29. Mitchell M. Handelsman19,
  30. Elin B. Strand20,
  31. John W. Reich21,
  32. Alex J. Zautra21,
  33. Shelley E. Taylor22,
  34. Peter H. Huang23,
  35. Jeremy A. Blumenthal24,
  36. Carolyn M. Youssef25,
  37. Fred Luthans26,
  38. Jane E. Dutton27,
  39. Scott Sonenshein27,
  40. Peter Schulman4,
  41. Tayyab Rashid4,
  42. Naif Al-Mutawa28,
  43. Stephen Joseph29,
  44. Richard F. Catalano30,
  45. John W. Toumbourou31,32,
  46. Michael F. Hock12,
  47. Irma F. Brasseur12,
  48. Donald D. Deshler12,
  49. Maggie Syme12,
  50. Rebecca Syme33,
  51. E. Tory Higgins34,
  52. Sara Cho Kim35,
  53. Ralf Schwarzer36,
  54. Nina Knoll37,
  55. P. Paul Heppner38,
  56. Dong-Gwi Lee39,
  57. Yuhong He38,
  58. Ann S. Masten40,
  59. Janette E. Herbers40,
  60. Cherisse L. Seaton41,
  61. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi42,
  62. Jeanne Nakamura42,
  63. Kathi L. Heffner43,
  64. Nicholas E. Pisca44 and
  65. David B. Feldman44

Published Online: 2 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306002.ch16

The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology

The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology

How to Cite

Osswald, S., Frey, D., Greitemeyer, T., Shapiro, I., Bilali, R., Vollhardt, J., Gillham, J. E., Reivich, K. J., Pury, C. L. S., Robitschek, C., Spering, C., Linley, P. A., Maltby, J., Holder, M. D., Klassen, A., Walsh, W. B., Park, N., Rasmussen, H. N., Pressman, S. D., Russ, S. W., Pearson, B. L., Spannagel, S. C., Johnson, D., Naragon, K., Watson, D., Froh, J. J., Knapp, S., Gottileb, M. C., Handelsman, M. M., Strand, E. B., Reich, J. W., Zautra, A. J., Taylor, S. E., Huang, P. H., Blumenthal, J. A., Youssef, C. M., Luthans, F., Dutton, J. E., Sonenshein, S., Schulman, P., Rashid, T., Al-Mutawa, N., Joseph, S., Catalano, R. F., Toumbourou, J. W., Hock, M. F., Brasseur, I. F., Deshler, D. D., Syme, M., Syme, R., Higgins, E. T., Kim, S. C., Schwarzer, R., Knoll, N., Heppner, P. P., Lee, D.-G., He, Y., Masten, A. S., Herbers, J. E., Seaton, C. L., Csikszentmihalyi, M., Nakamura, J., Heffner, K. L., Pisca, N. E. and Feldman, D. B. (2009) P, in The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology (ed S. J. Lopez), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306002.ch16

Editor Information

  1. The Clifton Strengths Institute and Gallup, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Germany

  2. 2

    University of Massachusetts, USA

  3. 3

    Swarthmore College, USA

  4. 4

    University of Pennsylvania, USA

  5. 5

    Clemson University, USA

  6. 6

    Texas Tech University, USA

  7. 7

    Centre for Applied Positive Psychology, UK

  8. 8

    University of Leicester, UK

  9. 9

    University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Canada

  10. 10

    Ohio State University, USA

  11. 11

    University of Rhode Island, USA

  12. 12

    University of Kansas, USA

  13. 13

    University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, USA

  14. 14

    Case Western Reserve University, USA

  15. 15

    University of Iowa, USA

  16. 16

    Hofstra University, USA

  17. 17

    The Pennsylvania Psychological Association, USA

  18. 18

    Private practice, Dallas, Texas, USA

  19. 19

    University of Colorado at Denver and Health Sciences Center, USA

  20. 20

    Faculty of Nursing, Oslo University College, Norway

  21. 21

    Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, USA

  22. 22

    University of California – Los Angeles, USA

  23. 23

    Temple University, USA

  24. 24

    Syracuse University, USA

  25. 25

    Bellvue University, USA

  26. 26

    University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA

  27. 27

    University of Michigan, USA

  28. 28

    Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, Kuwait

  29. 29

    University of Nottingham, UK

  30. 30

    University of Washington, USA

  31. 31

    Deakin University, Australia

  32. 32

    Murdoch Children's Research Institute VicHealth Fellow, Australia

  33. 33

    University of Bethel, USA

  34. 34

    Columbia University, USA

  35. 35

    University of Wisconsin – Madison, USA

  36. 36

    Freie Universität Berlin, Germany

  37. 37

    Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany

  38. 38

    University of Missouri – Columbia, USA

  39. 39

    Yonsei University, Korea

  40. 40

    University of Minnesota – Twin Cities, USA

  41. 41

    University of Northern British Columbia, Canada

  42. 42

    Claremont Graduate University, USA

  43. 43

    Ohio University, USA

  44. 44

    Santa Clara University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 16 JAN 2009

Book Series:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology

Book Series Editors:

  1. Shane J. Lopez

Series Editor Information

  1. The Clifton Strengths Institute and Gallup, USA

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405161251

Online ISBN: 9781444306002

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Keywords:

  • paragon - person of outstanding merit serving as model of some;
  • paragon par excellence does not exist - choice of a model, a subjective process;
  • evolving psychology of peace;
  • psychology of positive peace;
  • methodological challenges in studying peace psychology;
  • future directions in developing psychology of peace;
  • perseverance or persistence or industriousness;
  • changes over time in perseverance research;
  • current emphasis in perseverance research and theory

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Paragons

  • Peace

  • Penn Resiliency Program

  • Perseverance

  • Personal Growth Initiative

  • Personal Responsibility

  • Personality

  • Person-Environment Fit

  • Peterson, Christopher

  • Physical Health

  • Play

  • Pleasure

  • Positive Affectivity

  • Positive Emotions

  • Positive Ethics

  • Positive Experiences

  • Positive Illusions

  • Positive Law and Policy

  • Positive Organizational Behavior

  • Positive Organizational Scholarship

  • Positive Psychology (History)

  • Positive Psychology Network

  • Positive Psychotherapy

  • Positive Social Media

  • Positive Therapy

  • Positive Youth Development

  • Possible Selves

  • Posttraumatic Growth

  • Prayer

  • Prevention Focus

  • Pride

  • Proactive Coping

  • Problem-Solving Appraisal

  • Promotion Focus

  • Protective Factor

  • Psychological Adjustment

  • Psychological Capital

  • Psychoneuroimmunology

  • Psychopathology

  • Purpose in Life

  • References