10. Systemic Venous Anomalies

  1. Wyman W. Lai MD, MPH Director Associate Professor4,5,
  2. Luc L. Mertens MD, PhD Section Head Associate Professor6,7,
  3. Meryl S. Cohen MD Associate Professor Director8,9,10 and
  4. Tal Geva MD Professor of Pediatrics Chief11,12
  1. Leo Lopez MD Associate Professor Director1,2 and
  2. James C. Huhta MD Medical Director3

Published Online: 5 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch10

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

How to Cite

Lopez, L. and Huhta, J. C. (2009) Systemic Venous Anomalies, in Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult (eds W. W. Lai, L. L. Mertens, M. S. Cohen and T. Geva), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Columbia University, USA

  2. 5

    Non-Invasive Cardiology Imaging, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, New York, NY, USA

  3. 6

    Echocardiography, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada

  4. 7

    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  5. 8

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  6. 9

    Echocardiography Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  7. 10

    Cardiology Fellowship Training Program, The Children' Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  8. 11

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

  9. 12

    Division of Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging, Department of Cardiology, Children' Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, USA

  2. 2

    Non-Invasive Imaging, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, New York, NY, USA

  3. 3

    Non-Invasive Imaging, All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg, FL, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405174015

Online ISBN: 9781444306309



  • systemic venous anomalies;
  • embryologic origins of major systemic veins;
  • embryologic origins and systemic venous anomalies;
  • superior vena caval anomalies;
  • left SVC to coronary sinus (bilateral SVC);
  • interrupted IVC with azygos/hemiazygos continuation;
  • bilateral IVCs;
  • coronary sinus anomalies


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Prevalence

  • Embryology and etiology

  • Superior vena caval anomalise

  • Inferior vena caval anomalies

  • Hepatic vein anomalies

  • Coronary sinus anomalies

  • Innominate vein anomalies

  • References