12. Anomalies of the Ventricular Septum

  1. Wyman W. Lai MD, MPH Director Associate Professor4,5,
  2. Luc L. Mertens MD, PhD Section Head Associate Professor6,7,
  3. Meryl S. Cohen MD Associate Professor Director8,9,10 and
  4. Tal Geva MD Professor of Pediatrics Chief11,12
  1. Geoffrey A. Forbus MD Assistant Professor of Pediatrics1,2 and
  2. Girish S. Shirali MBBS Professor of Pediatrics Vice-Chair3

Published Online: 5 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch12

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

How to Cite

Forbus, G. A. and Shirali, G. S. (2009) Anomalies of the Ventricular Septum, in Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult (eds W. W. Lai, L. L. Mertens, M. S. Cohen and T. Geva), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Columbia University, USA

  2. 5

    Non-Invasive Cardiology Imaging, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, New York, NY, USA

  3. 6

    Echocardiography, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada

  4. 7

    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  5. 8

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  6. 9

    Echocardiography Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  7. 10

    Cardiology Fellowship Training Program, The Children' Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  8. 11

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

  9. 12

    Division of Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging, Department of Cardiology, Children' Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, USA

  2. 2

    Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Pediatrics, Medicine and Molecular Biology and Genetics Medical School of South Carolina, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405174015

Online ISBN: 9781444306309



  • ventricular septum anomalies;
  • pulmonary vascular bed;
  • left-to-right shunt;
  • patent ductus arteriosus (PDA);
  • transthoracic imaging;
  • ventricular septal defect (VSD) with tricuspid valve (TV) aneurysmal tissue;
  • VSD preoperative assessment - TTE and TEE;
  • transcatheter techniques and echocardiographic guidance


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Definition

  • Incidence

  • Etiology

  • Morphology and classification

  • Pathophysiology

  • Imaging

  • References