22. Tetralogy of Fallot

  1. Wyman W. Lai MD, MPH Director Associate Professor4,5,
  2. Luc L. Mertens MD, PhD Section Head Associate Professor6,7,
  3. Meryl S. Cohen MD Associate Professor Director8,9,10 and
  4. Tal Geva MD Professor of Pediatrics Chief11,12
  1. Shubhika Srivastava MBBS Associate Professor Director1 and
  2. Ira A. Parness MD Professor Chief2,3

Published Online: 5 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch22

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

How to Cite

Srivastava, S. and Parness, I. A. (2009) Tetralogy of Fallot, in Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult (eds W. W. Lai, L. L. Mertens, M. S. Cohen and T. Geva), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch22

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Columbia University, USA

  2. 5

    Non-Invasive Cardiology Imaging, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, New York, NY, USA

  3. 6

    Echocardiography, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada

  4. 7

    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  5. 8

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  6. 9

    Echocardiography Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  7. 10

    Cardiology Fellowship Training Program, The Children' Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  8. 11

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

  9. 12

    Division of Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging, Department of Cardiology, Children' Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Echocardiography Laboratory, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA

  2. 2

    Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA

  3. 3

    Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405174015

Online ISBN: 9781444306309

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Keywords:

  • tetralogy of Fallot;
  • embryology, genetics and molecular basis;
  • right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT);
  • TOF and double-chambered right ventricle (DCRV);
  • parasternal long-axis imaging;
  • high left parasternal imaging;
  • atrioventricular valves;
  • transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Definition

  • Incidence

  • Embryology, genetics and molecular basis

  • Morphology

  • Imaging

  • References