40. Transesophageal Echocardiography

  1. Wyman W. Lai MD, MPH Director Associate Professor3,4,
  2. Luc L. Mertens MD, PhD Section Head Associate Professor5,6,
  3. Meryl S. Cohen MD Associate Professor Director7,8,9 and
  4. Tal Geva MD Professor of Pediatrics Chief10,11
  1. J. Geoffrey Stevenson MD Professor Director1,2

Published Online: 5 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch40

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

How to Cite

Stevenson, J. G. (2009) Transesophageal Echocardiography, in Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult (eds W. W. Lai, L. L. Mertens, M. S. Cohen and T. Geva), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch40

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Columbia University, USA

  2. 4

    Non-Invasive Cardiology Imaging, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, New York, NY, USA

  3. 5

    Echocardiography, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada

  4. 6

    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  5. 7

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  6. 8

    Echocardiography Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  7. 9

    Cardiology Fellowship Training Program, The Children' Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  8. 10

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

  9. 11

    Division of Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging, Department of Cardiology, Children' Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA, USA

  2. 2

    Cardiac Ultrasound, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405174015

Online ISBN: 9781444306309



  • transesophageal echocardiography (TEE);
  • TEE outside operating room;
  • transesophageal echocardiography and interventional catheterization;
  • latex TEE probe cover sheath;
  • pre- and post-bypass TEE examinations;
  • post-repair TEE;
  • transesophageal echocardiographic imaging;
  • TEE imaging limitations


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Indications

  • Contraindications

  • Equipment

  • Personnel

  • Probe size

  • Probe care

  • TEE outside the operating room

  • Intraoperative TEE

  • Imaging

  • Limitations of TEE imaging

  • Complications

  • References