42. Fetal Echocardiography

  1. Wyman W. Lai MD, MPH Director Associate Professor4,5,
  2. Luc L. Mertens MD, PhD Section Head Associate Professor6,7,
  3. Meryl S. Cohen MD Associate Professor Director8,9,10 and
  4. Tal Geva MD Professor of Pediatrics Chief11,12
  1. Lisa K. Hornberger MD Professor Director1,2,3

Published Online: 5 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch42

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult

How to Cite

Hornberger, L. K. (2009) Fetal Echocardiography, in Echocardiography in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease: From Fetus to Adult (eds W. W. Lai, L. L. Mertens, M. S. Cohen and T. Geva), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306309.ch42

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Columbia University, USA

  2. 5

    Non-Invasive Cardiology Imaging, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York Presbyterian, New York, NY, USA

  3. 6

    Echocardiography, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada

  4. 7

    University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada

  5. 8

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  6. 9

    Echocardiography Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  7. 10

    Cardiology Fellowship Training Program, The Children' Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  8. 11

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

  9. 12

    Division of Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging, Department of Cardiology, Children' Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

  2. 2

    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada

  3. 3

    Stollery Children's Hospital and Royal Alexandra Hospital, Edmonton, AB, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 25 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405174015

Online ISBN: 9781444306309



  • fetal echocardiography;
  • fetal-perinatal medicine and pediatric cardiology;
  • screening fetal echocardiogram;
  • Doppler interrogation and fetal heart Spectral Doppler interrogation;
  • fetal rhythm assessment;
  • fetal structural heart disease;
  • fetal arrhythmias and echocardiographic features;
  • Balloon aortic valvuloplasty in fetus with hydrops and critical aortic stenosis


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Indications and timing of fetal echocardiography

  • Technical considerations

  • The screening fetal echocardiogram

  • Fetal cardiovascular pathology

  • Evolving and future directions in fetal echocardiography

  • References