16. Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South America

  1. C. Hoorn4 and
  2. F. P. Wesselingh5
  1. Douglas Riff1,
  2. Pedro Seyferth R. Romano Fellow2,
  3. Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira Fellow2 and
  4. Orangel A. Aguilera3

Published Online: 1 JUL 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306408.ch16

Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past

Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past

How to Cite

Riff, D., R. Romano, P. S., Oliveira, G. R. and Aguilera, O. A. (2009) Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South America, in Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past (eds C. Hoorn and F. P. Wesselingh), Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306408.ch16

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Analysis, University of Amsterdam, Kruislaan 318, 1098 SM Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  2. 5

    Museum of Natural History, P.O. Box 9517, Darwinweg 2, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. 1

    Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Campos Umuarama, Bloco 2D-sala 28, Rua Ceará s/n, Bairro Umuarama, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil

  2. 2

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Setor de Paleovertebrados, Departamento de Geologia e Paleontologia, Museu Nacional, Quinta da Boa Vista, 20940-040, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

  3. 3

    Universidad Nacional Experimental Francisco de Miranda, Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Básicas, Complejo Docente Los Perozos, Carretera Variante Sur, Coro, 4101, Falcón, Venezuela

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 JUL 2010
  2. Published Print: 8 JAN 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405181136

Online ISBN: 9781444306408



  • Neogene crocodile and turtle fauna in northern South America;
  • Neogene reptiles of northern South America - turtle and crocodile record, from fossiliferous deposits;
  • Late Miocene Solimões Formation from Acre State - diverse reptilian fossil fauna of Brazil;
  • Peruvian Neogene reptiles - outcrops along Amazonian Urubamba, Inuya and Mapuya rivers in Fitzcarrald Arch region;
  • Venezuelan Neogene - diversity of crocodyliforms, turtles and snakes;
  • Sebecidae, family of terrestrial non-crocodylian Mesoeucrocodylia;
  • Neogene South American Alligatoridae - high disparity;
  • gavialoid dispersal and transoceanic migration - one explanation for dispersal;
  • Neogene Amazonian turtles and eupleurodiran turtles in northern South America;
  • major faunas - Middle Miocene La Venta fauna, Late Miocene Urumaco fauna and Late Miocene Solimões fauna from Brazilian Acre


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Localities

  • Crocodyliforms

  • Turtles

  • Biogeographical relationships between Amazonia and southern South America during the Miocene

  • Neogene Amazonian palaeoenvironments

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References