Chapter 2. Kinds of Thinking, Styles of Reasoning

  1. Mark Mason Associate Professor Director Regional Editor President Programme Chair
  1. Michael A. Peters Professor Executive Editor1,2,3

Published Online: 9 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306774.ch2

Critical Thinking and Learning

Critical Thinking and Learning

How to Cite

Peters, M. A. (2008) Kinds of Thinking, Styles of Reasoning, in Critical Thinking and Learning (ed M. Mason), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306774.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, USA

  2. 2

    Universities of Glasgow, UK

  3. 3

    Universities of Auckland, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405181075

Online ISBN: 9781444306774



  • kinds of thinking and styles of reasoning;
  • present emphasis on thinking;
  • movement of critical thinking and treating thinking ahistorically;
  • kinds of thinking - Heidegger on What is Called Thinking;
  • Wittgenstein on Thinking;
  • styles of reasoning;
  • interactive classifications - common kind in education


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction: Why the Present Emphasis on Thinking?

  • Kinds of Thinking: Heidegger on What is Called Thinking?

  • Wittgenstein on Thinking

  • Styles of Reasoning

  • Notes

  • References