Chapter 6. Learning, Empowerment and Judgement

  1. Mark Mason Associate Professor Director Regional Editor President Programme Chair
  1. Michael Luntley Professor Head

Published Online: 9 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444306774.ch6

Critical Thinking and Learning

Critical Thinking and Learning

How to Cite

Luntley, M. (2008) Learning, Empowerment and Judgement, in Critical Thinking and Learning (ed M. Mason), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444306774.ch6

Editor Information

  1. Faculty of Education, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Author Information

  1. University of Warwick, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 23 APR 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405181075

Online ISBN: 9781444306774



  • learning, empowerment and judgement;
  • idea of learning by training - straightforward and unproblematic;
  • learning by reasoning;
  • human subjects as reasoners;
  • Wittgenstein - endorsing a rationalist model of learning;
  • distinction between learning by training and learning by reasoning;
  • word learning - case of learning by training;
  • language learning - starting with rudimentary associations of words and objects and discovery that sounds can produce results;
  • rationalist model of word learning;
  • language learning in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • 1.

  • 2.

  • 3.

  • 4.

  • Notes

  • References