Philleo Nash and American Indian People

  1. Ruth H. Landman and
  2. Katherine Spencer Halpern
  1. Nancy Oestreich Lurie

Published Online: 20 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444307030.ch4

Applied Anthropologist and Public Servant: The Life and Work of Philleo Nash

Applied Anthropologist and Public Servant: The Life and Work of Philleo Nash

How to Cite

Lurie, N. O. (1989) Philleo Nash and American Indian People, in Applied Anthropologist and Public Servant: The Life and Work of Philleo Nash (eds R. H. Landman and K. S. Halpern), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444307030.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 1989

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780913167281

Online ISBN: 9781444307030

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Keywords:

  • Philleo Nash and American lndian People;
  • Philleo probably never anticipated that when he became Commissioner of the Bureau of lndian Affairs (BIA) his old friends - the Wisconsin Winnebago, would pose a special problem for his administration;
  • American lndian Chicago Conference (AICC) of 1961 - guiding spirit, Sol Tax, requested Philleo to serve as his assistant;
  • AICC followed the principles of Tax's “Action Anthropology” to achieve intertribal consensus on alternatives to the devastating federal policies of the 1950s;
  • people in the Midwest feeling that their region was not adequately represented - and the steering committee readily agreeing to add the region's candidate, Helen Miner Miller;
  • interregional distrust and tribe being divided - religious differences between traditional religion, Native American Church (Peyote), and mission Christianity;
  • Philleo's insistence on a review of the decision - resulting in the discovery that many years earlier an old Winnebago had died without known heirs;
  • best foundation for coordinating tribal action to qualify for development programs - lndian Reorganization Act of 1934 (IRA);
  • Helen and the group - studying IRA guidelines to develop a constitution and bylaws - designating themselves the Acting Wisconsin Winnebago Business Committee (WWBC);
  • Philleo's directive and WWBC follow-up - Winnebago had jumped from the bottom to the top of the list of Wisconsin tribes as regards number of students in colleges and technical schools