Chapter 2. Diabetes

  1. Peter H. Scanlon MD, MRCOphth, DCH, FRCP Consultant Ophthalmologist Lecturer1,
  2. Charles P. Wilkinson MD Chairman Professor of Ophthalmology2,
  3. Stephen J. Aldington DMS, FBIPP Gloucestershire Education and Research Development Manager3 and
  4. David R. Matthews MA (Oxon), DPhil, BM, BCh, FRCP Professor Chairman4

Published Online: 17 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch2

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

How to Cite

Scanlon, P. H., Wilkinson, C. P., Aldington, S. J. and Matthews, D. R. (2009) Diabetes, in A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch2

Author Information

  1. 1

    Gloucestershire and Oxford Eye Units, Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Ophthalmology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA

  3. 3

    Cheltenham, UK

  4. 4

    University of Oxford, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170352

Online ISBN: 9781444308174



  • diabetes mellitus - excess of glucose circulating in bloodstream;
  • Type 1 diabetes with retinopathy;
  • aetiopathology of diabetes;
  • Type 2 diabetes is common – 20 times as common as type 1 diabetes;
  • maturity-onset diabetes of the young;
  • risk factors for diabetic retinopathy;
  • tissue complications of diabetes;
  • diabetic retinopathy progressing from mild nonproliferative DR to proliferative DR;
  • diabetic retinopathy - integrally linked to glycaemic control, blood pressure control


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Classification of Diabetes

  • Aetiopathology of Diabetes

  • Tissue Complications of Diabetes

  • Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Practice Points

  • References