Chapter 4. Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy

  1. Peter H. Scanlon MD, MRCOphth, DCH, FRCP Consultant Ophthalmologist Lecturer1,
  2. Charles P. Wilkinson MD Chairman Professor of Ophthalmology2,
  3. Stephen J. Aldington DMS, FBIPP Gloucestershire Education and Research Development Manager3 and
  4. David R. Matthews MA (Oxon), DPhil, BM, BCh, FRCP Professor Chairman4

Published Online: 17 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch4

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

How to Cite

Scanlon, P. H., Wilkinson, C. P., Aldington, S. J. and Matthews, D. R. (2009) Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy, in A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch4

Author Information

  1. 1

    Gloucestershire and Oxford Eye Units, Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Ophthalmology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA

  3. 3

    Cheltenham, UK

  4. 4

    University of Oxford, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170352

Online ISBN: 9781444308174



  • screening for diabetic retinopathy;
  • sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy – public health problem;
  • UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS);
  • laser treatment effective;
  • direct ophthalmoscopy;
  • optometrist's slit-lamp biomicroscopy;
  • mydriatic photography (<seven fields) using 35-mm film or Polaroid;
  • ‘Exeter Standards’ - in systematic screening programme;
  • cost-effectiveness of photocoagulation for sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy in UK


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Principles of Screening

  • The Exeter Standards

  • Practice Points

  • References