Chapter 7. Stage R1: Mild Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (Background Diabetic Retinopathy)

  1. Peter H. Scanlon MD, MRCOphth, DCH, FRCP Consultant Ophthalmologist Lecturer1,
  2. Charles P. Wilkinson MD Chairman Professor of Ophthalmology2,
  3. Stephen J. Aldington DMS, FBIPP Gloucestershire Education and Research Development Manager3 and
  4. David R. Matthews MA (Oxon), DPhil, BM, BCh, FRCP Professor Chairman4

Published Online: 17 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch7

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

How to Cite

Scanlon, P. H., Wilkinson, C. P., Aldington, S. J. and Matthews, D. R. (2009) Stage R1: Mild Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (Background Diabetic Retinopathy), in A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch7

Author Information

  1. 1

    Gloucestershire and Oxford Eye Units, Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Ophthalmology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA

  3. 3

    Cheltenham, UK

  4. 4

    University of Oxford, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170352

Online ISBN: 9781444308174

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Keywords:

  • Stage R1 - mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy;
  • retinal haemorrhages;
  • exudates (or hard exudates) - feature of mild NPDR;
  • cotton wool spots;
  • single venous loop;
  • cotton wool spots in mild NPDR;
  • earliest sign of mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (mild NPDR);
  • background DR and microaneurysms

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Microaneurysms

  • Retinal Haemorrhages

  • Exudates (or Hard Exudates)

  • Cotton Wool Spots

  • A Single Venous Loop

  • Practice Points

  • References