Chapter 8. Stage R2: Moderate and Severe Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (Preproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy)

  1. Peter H. Scanlon MD, MRCOphth, DCH, FRCP Consultant Ophthalmologist Lecturer1,
  2. Charles P. Wilkinson MD Chairman Professor of Ophthalmology2,
  3. Stephen J. Aldington DMS, FBIPP Gloucestershire Education and Research Development Manager3 and
  4. David R. Matthews MA (Oxon), DPhil, BM, BCh, FRCP Professor Chairman4

Published Online: 17 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch8

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management

How to Cite

Scanlon, P. H., Wilkinson, C. P., Aldington, S. J. and Matthews, D. R. (2009) Stage R2: Moderate and Severe Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (Preproliferative Diabetic Retinopathy), in A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308174.ch8

Author Information

  1. 1

    Gloucestershire and Oxford Eye Units, Harris Manchester College, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Ophthalmology, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA

  3. 3

    Cheltenham, UK

  4. 4

    University of Oxford, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405170352

Online ISBN: 9781444308174

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Keywords:

  • Stage R2 - moderate and severe non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy;
  • moderate and severe NPDR (ETDRs);
  • retinal haemorrhages;
  • lesion classification of moderate to severe NPDR;
  • intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMAs);
  • venous beading;
  • severe non-proliferative DR with maculopathy

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Moderate and Severe NPDR (ETDRS and International)1 and Preproliferative DR (UK Screening)2

  • Retinal Haemorrhages

  • Intraretinal Microvascular Abnormality

  • Venous Beading

  • Practice Points

  • References