Chapter 12. Biodiversity of Hymenoptera

  1. Robert G. Foottit2 and
  2. Peter H. Adler3
  1. John T. Huber

Published Online: 30 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308211.ch12

Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society

Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society

How to Cite

Huber, J. T. (2009) Biodiversity of Hymenoptera, in Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society (eds R. G. Foottit and P. H. Adler), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308211.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Environmental Health National Program (Biodiversity), Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, K. W. Neatby Bldg., 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6, Canada

  2. 3

    Department of Entomology, Soils & Plant Sciences, Clemson University, Box 340315, 114 Long Hall, Clemson, South Carolina 29634-0315, USA

Author Information

  1. Canadian Forestry Service, K. W. Neatby Bldg., 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 6 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405151429

Online ISBN: 9781444308211

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Keywords:

  • biodiversity of Hymenoptera;
  • taxonomic and biological information on main Hymenopteran groups;
  • Mymarommatoidea;
  • Xyelidae - most primitive living Hymenoptera;
  • Cynipoidea;
  • Platygastridae and Scelionidae - small species, most of which (except Platygastrinae) are egg parasitoids;
  • minute parasitoids of eggs of other insects - best known because of genus Trichogramma;
  • sphecoid wasps - all carnivorous;
  • societal benefits and detriments of Hymenoptera;
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Evolution and Higher Classification

  • Numbers of Species and Individuals

  • Morphological and Biological Diversity

  • Importance to Humans

  • Taxonomic Diversity

  • Societal Benefits and Detriments of Hymenoptera

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References