Chapter 5. Primates

  1. Frederick L. Coolidge and
  2. Thomas Wynn

Published Online: 30 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308297.ch5

The Rise of The Evolution of Modern Thinking

The Rise of The Evolution of Modern Thinking

How to Cite

Coolidge, F. L. and Wynn, T. (2009) Primates, in The Rise of The Evolution of Modern Thinking, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308297.ch5

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405152532

Online ISBN: 9781444308297



  • human brains - primate brains and human cognition as primate cognition;
  • Primates - Order within Class Mammalia encompassing monkeys, apes (including humans), and prosimians;
  • Primate brains - adapting to demands of arboreal way of life;
  • anthropoid brains;
  • ape brains - apes much less numerous and successful than monkeys;
  • Chimpanzees - as tool-users and tool-makers;
  • Machiavellian hypothesis and theory of mind;
  • theory of mind and evolutionary development of higher cognitive abilities;
  • cognitive underpinnings of social recognition, tactical deception, and response inhibition


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Brains

  • Anthropoid Brains

  • Ape Brains

  • The Machiavellian Hypothesis and Theory of Mind