Chapter 6. Early Hominins

  1. Frederick L. Coolidge and
  2. Thomas Wynn

Published Online: 30 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308297.ch6

The Rise of The Evolution of Modern Thinking

The Rise of The Evolution of Modern Thinking

How to Cite

Coolidge, F. L. and Wynn, T. (2009) Early Hominins, in The Rise of The Evolution of Modern Thinking, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308297.ch6

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 27 MAR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405152532

Online ISBN: 9781444308297

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Keywords:

  • early Hominins - belonging to subfamily Homininae (African great apes) and tribe Hominini (hominins for short);
  • humans and chimpanzees - sharing ancestors who lived in Africa millions of years ago;
  • early bipedal apes - 7–2.5 million years ago;
  • Australopithecus afarensis - group of hominins who lived in East Africa millions of years ago;
  • first stone knappers 2.6–1.5 Ma and basic stone knapping action or gesture;
  • tool cognition - more than just motor memory;
  • scavenging, meat eating, and expensive tissues;
  • fossils of earlyHomo - of hominins living between 2.6 and 2.0 Ma;
  • “grade” shift - group of related species sharing basic phenotype and organizational plan

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Common Ancestor

  • The Early Bipedal Apes: 7–2.5 Million Years Ago

  • The First Stone Knappers 2.6–1.5 Ma

  • Fossils of Early Homo

  • Summary

  • A Grade Shift?