Chapter Twenty-Six. The Enlightenment

  1. Miriam Griffin Emeritus Fellow
  1. Thomas Biskup PhD Fellow Lecturer Research Fellow

Published Online: 5 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444308440.ch26

A Companion to Julius Caesar

A Companion to Julius Caesar

How to Cite

Biskup, T. (2009) The Enlightenment, in A Companion to Julius Caesar (ed M. Griffin), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444308440.ch26

Editor Information

  1. Somerville College, Oxford, UK

Author Information

  1. University of Hull, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 MAY 2009
  2. Published Print: 10 APR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405149235

Online ISBN: 9781444308440



  • the Enlightenment;
  • eighteenth century - as Immanuel Kant famously stated, the age of Enlightenment but not an enlightened age;
  • Caesar in old regime political culture – Caesar, author of the Commentaries remained central to education of those groomed for public life;
  • Caesar as a republican anti-model;
  • Caesar in enlightenment France;
  • Caesar's usurpation of power - problem, and the legitimacy of his assassination discussed in drama and historiography;
  • Feéneélon defended Brutus and Cassius as freedom-loving virtuous citizens, whereas Voltaire was fascinated by the combination of greed and clemency – “tyran et père de patrie”;
  • Caesar in the Holy Roman Empire;
  • Caesar in enlightenment historiography;
  • Caesar, Frederick, and Napoleon


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Caesar in Old Regime Political Culture

  • Caesar as a Republican Anti-model

  • Caesar in Enlightenment France

  • Caesar in the Holy Roman Empire

  • Caesar in Enlightenment Historiography

  • Conclusion: Caesar, Frederick, and Napoleon

  • Further Reading