Chapter 2. Types of Outcome Measures and Understanding them

  1. Allan Hackshaw Deputy Director1,2

Published Online: 29 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444311723.ch2

A Concise Guide to Clinical Trials

A Concise Guide to Clinical Trials

How to Cite

Hackshaw, A. (2009) Types of Outcome Measures and Understanding them, in A Concise Guide to Clinical Trials, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444311723.ch2

Author Information

  1. 1

    Cancer Research, UK

  2. 2

    UCL Cancer Trials Centre, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 10 APR 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405167741

Online ISBN: 9781444311723

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Keywords:

  • types of outcome measures – count people, take measurements on people, time-to-event measures;
  • probability plot – to determine whether data is normally distributed or not;
  • taking measurements on people – examining time taken until an event has occurred;
  • Kaplan–Meier plot;
  • counting people: data summarised by a percentage or proportion;
  • overall survival because it relates to death from any cause

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • ‘True’ versus surrogate outcome measures

  • Types of outcomes

  • Counting people

  • Taking measurements on people

  • Time-to-event data

  • Summary points

  • References