Chapter 2. Bladder Outflow Obstruction

  1. Chris Dawson Consultant Urological Surgeon2 and
  2. Hugh N. Whitfield Consultant Urological Surgeon3
  1. Jyoti Shah Specialist Registrar in Urology

Published Online: 29 APR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444312782.ch2

ABC of Urology, Second Edition

ABC of Urology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Shah, J. (2006) Bladder Outflow Obstruction, in ABC of Urology, Second Edition (eds C. Dawson and H. N. Whitfield), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444312782.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Edith Cavell Hospital, Peterborough, UK

  2. 3

    Harold Hopkins Department of Urology, Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, UK

Author Information

  1. Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 APR 2009
  2. Published Print: 15 SEP 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405139595

Online ISBN: 9781444312782



  • bladder outflow obstruction;
  • prostate specific antigen;
  • saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia;
  • tamsulosin, doxazosin and alfuzosin, relaxing prostatic smooth muscle;
  • medical therapy of prostatic symptoms study (MTOPS);
  • transurethral resection of prostate - gold standard for patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia;
  • laser therapies, using neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet and holmium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • History

  • Examination

  • Investigations

  • Treatment

  • Urethral stricture

  • Bladder neck dysfunction