Chapter 2. Associated Noncardiac Problems

  1. Julien I. E. Hoffman MD, FRCP Professor of Pediatrics (Emeritus) Senior Member

Published Online: 27 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444314045.ch2

The Natural and Unnatural History of Congenital Heart Disease

The Natural and Unnatural History of Congenital Heart Disease

How to Cite

Hoffman, J. I. E. (2009) Associated Noncardiac Problems, in The Natural and Unnatural History of Congenital Heart Disease, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444314045.ch2

Author Information

  1. Cardiovascular Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 AUG 2009
  2. Published Print: 28 AUG 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405179270

Online ISBN: 9781444314045

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Keywords:

  • associated noncardiac problems;
  • developmental malformations;
  • multiple organ abnormalities and single gene defects;
  • brain abscess with higher risk in cyanotic children;
  • gastroesophageal reflux;
  • newborn infants and necrotizing enterocolitis;
  • congestive heart failure and hepatic congestion;
  • congenital heart disease

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Central nervous system

  • Gastrointestinal system

  • References