Chapter 16. Consequences of Antifouling Coatings – The Chemist's Perspective

  1. Simone Dürr3 and
  2. Jeremy C. Thomason4
  1. Dickon Howell1 and
  2. Brigitte Behrends2

Published Online: 29 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch16



How to Cite

Howell, D. and Behrends, B. (2009) Consequences of Antifouling Coatings – The Chemist's Perspective, in Biofouling (eds S. Dürr and J. C. Thomason), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch16

Editor Information

  1. 3

    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK

  2. 4

    School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Newcastle University, c/o 11a Northumberland Terrace, Tynemouth, Tyne and Wear, NE30 4BA, UK

  2. 2

    Elsfether Zentrum für maritime Forschung GmbH, An der Weinkaje 4, 26931 Elsfleth, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169264

Online ISBN: 9781444315462



  • consequences of antifouling coatings – the chemist's perspective;
  • self-polishing copolymer (SPC);
  • constituents of AF coatings - polymer binders, pigments and extenders, carrier components;
  • organotin compounds - group of organometallic moieties;
  • tributyltin - most persistent of all organic biocides;
  • dibutyltin (DBT) and monobutyltin (MBT);
  • free-ion activity model (FIAM) - biological response elicited by dissolved metals;
  • gill surface interaction model (GSIM) - forming basis of biotic ligand model (BLM);
  • diuron - exhibiting removal range of 4–10% over particulate matter concentration;
  • zinc/copper pyrithione - bactericidal and fungicidal effects in anti-dandruff shampoo and cosmetic products


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • History of AF Technologies

  • Constituents of Biocidal Coatings

  • Biocides in AF Paints

  • Distribution of Biocides in the Environment

  • Conclusions

  • References