Chapter 23. Biofouling and Climate Change

  1. Simone Dürr3 and
  2. Jeremy C. Thomason4
  1. Elvira S. Poloczanska1 and
  2. Alan J. Butler2

Published Online: 29 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch23



How to Cite

Poloczanska, E. S. and Butler, A. J. (2009) Biofouling and Climate Change, in Biofouling (eds S. Dürr and J. C. Thomason), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch23

Editor Information

  1. 3

    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK

  2. 4

    School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Climate Adaptation Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, PO Box 120, Cleveland, QLD 4163, Australia

  2. 2

    Wealth from Oceans National Research Flagship, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research, Hobart, Tasmania 7000, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169264

Online ISBN: 9781444315462



  • biofouling and climate change;
  • recent and projected changes in ocean–atmosphere system;
  • temperature - primary determinant of species distribution;
  • nutrient levels - factors influencing development, structure and growth of biofouling communities;
  • wind fields - facilitators of pelagic dispersal stages;
  • extreme weather events - regulating population dynamics of coastal fouling organisms;
  • increased ocean acidification - negative effects on animals and plants;
  • species distributions, referred as ‘climate envelope’;
  • economic impacts of biofouling in localities;
  • biofouling paints - predominant form of antifouling


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Recent and Projected Changes in the Ocean–Atmosphere System

  • Climate and Climate-Related Factors Regulating Biofouling

  • Communities

  • Ecological Impacts of Climate Change Effects on Biofouling

  • Economic Impacts of Climate Change Effects on Biofouling

  • Environmental Impacts of Climate Change Effects on Biofouling

  • Conclusions

  • References