Chapter 27. Research on Practical Environmentally Benign Antifouling Coatings

  1. Simone Dürr2 and
  2. Jeremy C. Thomason3
  1. Dan Rittschof

Published Online: 29 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch27



How to Cite

Rittschof, D. (2009) Research on Practical Environmentally Benign Antifouling Coatings, in Biofouling (eds S. Dürr and J. C. Thomason), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch27

Editor Information

  1. 2

    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK

  2. 3

    School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

Author Information

  1. Duke University Marine Laboratory, Nicholas School of the Environment, 135 Duke Marine Lab Road, Beaufort, North Carolina 28516-9721, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169264

Online ISBN: 9781444315462



  • research on practical environmentally benign antifouling coatings;
  • chemical compounds - degrading as they are being biologically consumed;
  • fouling management - reflecting complexity of fouling;
  • classic antifouling management - based on broad-spectrum biocides;
  • broad-spectrum organic biocides - replacing environmentally damaging heavy metal biocides;
  • booster biocides, potent broad-spectrum organic biocides;
  • antifouling coatings - essential physical and mechanical properties;
  • novel antifouling coating development - working together of government, business and academia;
  • commercialisation and society pay for costs of development


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Environmentally Benign Antifouling Coatings

  • Fouling and Fouling Control

  • Biofouling Management

  • The Antifouling Problem in a Nutshell

  • Control of Biofouling and Environmental Impacts

  • Practical Solutions

  • Considerations for a Novel Antifouling Coating

  • Coating Application and Removal

  • Governmental Oversight

  • Perspective

  • Theoretical Considerations for a Novel Antifouling Coating

  • Environmentally Benign Coatings

  • Commercialisation

  • Conclusions

  • References