Chapter 4. Succession on Hard Substrata

  1. Simone Dürr3 and
  2. Jeremy C. Thomason4
  1. Stuart R. Jenkins1 and
  2. Gustavo M. Martins2

Published Online: 29 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch4



How to Cite

Jenkins, S. R. and Martins, G. M. (2009) Succession on Hard Substrata, in Biofouling (eds S. Dürr and J. C. Thomason), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 3

    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK

  2. 4

    School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Menai Bridge, Anglesey, LL59 5AB, UK

  2. 2

    Departamento de Biologia, Secção de Biologia Marinha, Universidade dos Açores, Rua da M˜ae de Deus, 52, 9500 Ponta Delgada, São Miguel – Azores, Portugal

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169264

Online ISBN: 9781444315462



  • succession on hard substrata;
  • concept of succession - sequence of species replacements and change in composition of ecological communities;
  • primary succession - colonisation of entirely virgin substrata;
  • open space - key resource for sessile marine organisms;
  • three alternative models of community succession - facilitation, tolerance, inhibition;
  • limpets - decreasing algal cover, leading to barnacle-dominated assemblage;
  • patch size - determinant of mode of recolonisation;
  • colonisation - vegetative re-growth of survivors within a patch;
  • seasonal variation - affecting establishment, survival and growth of numerous taxa;
  • vegetative re-growth - dominated by colonial organisms, common in algal assemblages


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Succession and the Role of Disturbance

  • Models of Succession

  • Extension of General Models

  • Life History Characteristics

  • Patch Characteristics

  • Mode of Colonisation

  • Seasonality

  • Variable Endpoints of Succession

  • Conclusions

  • References