Chapter 7. Epibiosis

  1. Simone Dürr2 and
  2. Jeremy C. Thomason3
  1. Martin Wahl

Published Online: 29 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch7



How to Cite

Wahl, M. (2009) Epibiosis, in Biofouling (eds S. Dürr and J. C. Thomason), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 2

    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK

  2. 3

    School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

Author Information

  1. IFM-GEOMAR – Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences, Düsternbrooker Weg 20, 24105 Kiel, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169264

Online ISBN: 9781444315462



  • epibiosis - spatial association between substratum organism (‘basibiont’) and sessile organism (‘epibiont’);
  • sessile mode of life;
  • passively adsorbed sugars or proteins;
  • well-defended epibionts - bacteria, sponges, hydrozoans, actinians, ascidians and certain algae;
  • associational resistance - protection conferred by one partner of an association to the other;
  • potential epibionts - avoiding unsuitable basibionts behaviourally;
  • filamentous epiphytes - complex contrasting effects of epibiont guild;
  • epiphytic filamentous algae - increasing drag;
  • physiological processes of basibiont - creating chemical conditions at living surface;
  • sensory organs - dependent on unobstructed access to optical, mechanical or chemical stimuli


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Sessile Mode of Life

  • Consequences of Epibioses

  • Distributional Patterns of Epibioses

  • Conclusions

  • References