Chapter 8. Natural Control of Fouling

  1. Simone Dürr4 and
  2. Jeremy C. Thomason5
  1. Rocky de Nys1,
  2. Jana Guenther2 and
  3. Maria J. Uriz3

Published Online: 29 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch8



How to Cite

de Nys, R., Guenther, J. and Uriz, M. J. (2009) Natural Control of Fouling, in Biofouling (eds S. Dürr and J. C. Thomason), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444315462.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 4

    School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Byrom Street, Liverpool, L3 3AF, UK

  2. 5

    School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Head of Discipline – Aquaculture, School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia

  2. 2

    Centre for Research-based Innovation in Aquaculture Technology, SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, Brattørkaia 17B, 7465 Trondheim, Norway

  3. 3

    Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas CSIC, Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes CEAB, Accés a la Cala St. Francesc, 14, 17300 Blanes, Girona, Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 18 DEC 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405169264

Online ISBN: 9781444315462



  • natural control of fouling;
  • defence mechanisms preventing biofouling;
  • behavioural defence mechanisms;
  • mechanical defence mechanisms - reducing biofouling on basibionts through removal of epibionts;
  • physical defence mechanisms - wettability and microtopography of natural surfaces;
  • understanding natural defence strategies;
  • non-release technologies - opportunity in maximising biofouling deterrence;
  • natural antifouling mechanisms - highly complex;
  • optimised defence against biofouling;
  • ectosomal skeletons of mega and microscleres - producing surface macro-and microtopographies


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Biofouling and Its Biological Consequences

  • Defence Mechanisms Against Biofouling

  • Conclusions

  • References