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Export Assistance Programs

Part 6. International Marketing

  1. Esra F. Gencturk

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444316568.wiem06053

Wiley International Encyclopedia of Marketing

Wiley International Encyclopedia of Marketing

How to Cite

Gencturk, E. F. 2010. Export Assistance Programs. Wiley International Encyclopedia of Marketing. 6.

Author Information

  1. Ozyegin University, Istanbul, Turkey

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010


This article encompasses Export Assistance Programs as the provision of both indirect and direct government support to encourage and assist exporting activites of individual firms and/or specific domestic industries. Almost all governments have an incentive to support national exports in order to improve the international competitiveness of domestic firms and hence the country's balance of trade. Yet, these assistance programs take different forms in different countries depending on a country's trade policy and its views toward government intervention in the business sector. These programs are regulated by World Trade Organization (WTO) and may be subject to threat of retaliation or dumping investigations if they violate (WTO) regulations. In terms of different types of export assistance programs considered, the direct export support services are grouped into (i) financial acitivities, (ii) information services, and (iii) export facilitating activities. Each of these services are then described briefly.


  • export assistance programs;
  • export promotion;
  • indirect export assistance;
  • direct export assistance;
  • export financial assistance acitivities;
  • export information services;
  • export facilitating activities