Chapter 121. Muscle Cramps

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief3,4,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head5,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head6 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director7,8
  1. Raymond L. Rosales MD, PhD Professor1,2

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch121

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Rosales, R. L. (2009) Muscle Cramps, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch121

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 4

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 5

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 6

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 7

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 8

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

  2. 2

    Saint Luke's Medical Center, Quezon City, Philippines

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008



  • muscle cramps;
  • muscle cramps, universal occurrence, yet mistaken for a number of phenomena;
  • myalgia and muscle pain - fairly persistent, as deep aching or feelings of tenseness, pressure, or soreness;
  • myokymia, continuous rippling or undulating of muscle surface - and spontaneous repetitive discharges;
  • clinical approach to muscle cramps;
  • disorders of muscle;
  • disorders of neuromuscular junction;
  • diagnostic approach to muscle cramps;
  • therapeutic approaches - geared toward established diagnosis or muscle cramp origin


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Phenomenology

  • Clinical approach to muscle cramps

  • Diagnostic approach to muscle cramps

  • Therapeutic approach to muscle cramps

  • Acknowledgments

  • Further reading