Chapter 125. Myoglobinuria

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief2,3,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head4,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head5 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director6,7
  1. John Vissing MD, DMSci Professor of Neurology Director

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch125

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Vissing, J. (2009) Myoglobinuria, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch125

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 3

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 4

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 5

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 6

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 7

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. Department of Neurology, University of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008



  • myoglobinuria;
  • plasma myoglobin rise, elevations of four-times-larger creatine kinase (CK) molecule during muscle injury;
  • myoglobinuria causes;
  • recurrent myoglobinuria, hallmark of metabolic myopathies affecting glucose/glycogen metabolism and fatty acid oxidation (FAO);
  • carbohydrate metabolism disorders;
  • disorders, comprising more than 25 enzyme deficiencies of fat metabolism;
  • myoglobinuria, rare in patients with mitochondrial myopathy;
  • viral and bacterial agents - causing myoglobinuria;
  • drugs and toxins, more than 75% of cases of myoglobinuria in adults


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Causes of myoglobinuria

  • Treatment and prevention

  • Further reading