Chapter 148. Disorders of Arousal

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief2,3,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head4,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head5 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director6,7
  1. Li Ling Lim MBBS, MRCP (UK), MPH (USA), Dip. ABPN, ABSM, ABEM, ABCN (USA) Medical Director Consultant Neurologist

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch148

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Ling Lim, L. (2009) Disorders of Arousal, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch148

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 3

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 4

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 5

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 6

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 7

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. Gleneagles Medical Centre, Singapore

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008



  • arousal disorders;
  • epidemiology and risk factors;
  • disorders of arousal (arousal disorder, AD) - belonging within spectrum of parasomnias;
  • non-rapid eye movement (NREM) slow-wave sleep;
  • AD running in families, faulty transitions between slow-wave and lighter stages of sleep;
  • childhood arousal parasomnias diagnosis - made by witnessed description of events;
  • pediatric parasomnias, generally benign and selflimited


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Epidemiology and risk factors

  • Pathophysiology

  • Clinical features and differential diagnoses

  • Investigations

  • Management

  • Clinical course

  • Summary

  • Further reading