Chapter 167. Whiplash Injury

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief2,3,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head4,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head5 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director6,7
  1. Anthony Ciabarra MD, PhD

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch167

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Ciabarra, A. (2009) Whiplash Injury, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch167

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 3

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 4

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 5

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 6

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 7

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. Neurology Center of North Orange County, La Habra, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008



  • whiplash injury;
  • whiplash associated disorders (WAD) - frequent cause of disability;
  • posture of the neck and direction of forces - dictating injury sustained;
  • acceleration–deceleration forces applied to neck, with flexion–extension movements, resulting in whiplash injury;
  • whiplash injury prognosis, variability in frequency - sustaining in geographic regions;
  • whiplash injury, associated with physical and psychosocial symptoms;
  • chronic whiplash syndrome (CWS), presence of symptoms beyond 6 months;
  • whiplash injury, easy to simulate and difficult to disprove;
  • Botulism neurotoxin A (BoNTA) and traction - not found to be useful


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Epidemiology

  • Clinical features

  • Management

  • Further reading