Chapter 90. Subacute and Chronic Viral Infections

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief3,4,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head5,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head6 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director7,8
  1. Ellen Gelpi MD Researcher1 and
  2. Herbert Budka MD, MSc, Dhc Professor Director2

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch90

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Gelpi, E. and Budka, H. (2009) Subacute and Chronic Viral Infections, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch90

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 4

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 5

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 6

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 7

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 8

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Neurology, Medical University of Vienna, Austrian Reference Centre for Human Prion Diseases, Vienna, Austria

  2. 2

    Institute of Neurology (Obersteiner Institute), Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008



  • subacute and chronic viral infections;
  • subacute and chronic viral infections of CNS - encompassing a group of viral diseases;
  • chronic enteroviral encephalomyelitis - rare condition presenting in patients with altered immunity;
  • highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART);
  • progressive rubella panencephalitis - caused by RNA virus of genus Rubivirus;
  • chronic enteroviral encephalomyelitis, caused by echoviruses - associated with alteration of humoral immunity;
  • chronic enteroviral encephalomyelitis;
  • measles inclusion body encephalitis;
  • subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) - clinical course of SSPE divided into four stages


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Epidemiology

  • Pathophysiology

  • Clinical features

  • Investigations

  • Neuropathological findings

  • Treatment/management

  • Further reading