Chapter 92. HIV and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An Overview of Neurological Complications

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief3,4,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head5,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head6 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director7,8
  1. Bruce J. Brew MBBS, MD, FRACP Professor Head Program Director (Medicine)1,2

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch92

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Brew, B. J. (2009) HIV and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome: An Overview of Neurological Complications, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch92

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 4

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 5

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 6

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 7

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 8

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of New South Wales, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia

  2. 2

    Department of Neurology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008

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Keywords:

  • HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - neurological complications;
  • HIV-related neurological complications - important to distinguish and recognize;
  • opportunistic infections common to HIV patients - cryptococcosis and cytomegalovirus infection (CMV);
  • antiretroviral drug zidovudine - leading to a myopathy;
  • highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) - only treatment for progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy;
  • neurological complications of HIV disease - being treatable

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Epidemiology

  • Pathophysiology/clinical features

  • Investigations

  • Treatment/management

  • Further reading