Chapter 97. HIV-Associated Cerebral Opportunistic Infections

  1. Robert P. Lisak MD, FAAN, FRCP Parker Webber Chair Professor Chair Neurologist-in-Chief Chief3,4,
  2. Daniel D. Truong MD, FAAN Head5,
  3. William M. Carroll MBBS, MD, FRACP, FRCP(E) Head6 and
  4. Roongroj Bhidayasiri MD, FRCP Director7,8
  1. Bruce J. Brew MBBS, MD, FRACP Professor Head Program Director (Medicine)1,2

Published Online: 18 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch97

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

International Neurology: A Clinical Approach

How to Cite

Brew, B. J. (2009) HIV-Associated Cerebral Opportunistic Infections, in International Neurology: A Clinical Approach (eds R. P. Lisak, D. D. Truong, W. M. Carroll and R. Bhidayasiri), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317008.ch97

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA

  2. 4

    Detroit Medical Center, Harper University Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA

  3. 5

    The Parkinson and Movement Disorder Institute, Memorial Neuroscience Institute, Orange Coast Memorial Medical Center, Fountain Valley, CA, USA

  4. 6

    Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Nedlands, Perth, Australia

  5. 7

    Chulalongkorn Comprehensive Movement Disorders Center, Chulalongkorn University Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

  6. 8

    University of California at Los Angeles, School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of New South Wales, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia

  2. 2

    Department of Neurology, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 11 SEP 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405157384

Online ISBN: 9781444317008



  • HIV-associated cerebral opportunistic infections;
  • opportunistic infections (OIs), result of reactivation of latent infection;
  • cryptococcal meningitis, treatable and curable condition;
  • headache and fever - dominant manifestations;
  • Tuberculous meningitis (TBM), in Africa and parts of Asia;
  • HIV-related TBM, associated with higher burden of TB than TBM in non-HIV patients;
  • brain imaging, showing periventricular ependymal or meningeal enhancement;
  • cerebral toxoplasmosis, one of most common causes of focal brain lesion in patients not on HAART


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Diffuse complications

  • Focal complications

  • Further reading