Chapter 22. Ethanol and Other Percutaneous Injection Modalities in the Treatment of Liver Tumors

  1. Pierre-Alain Clavien MD, Phd, FACS, FRCS Professor Chairman and
  2. Stefan Breitenstein MD
  1. Michael A. Heneghan MD, MMedSc, FRCPI Consultant Hepatologist and
  2. Andrew D. Yeoman MB BCh, MRCP

Published Online: 9 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317053.ch22

Malignant Liver Tumors: Current and Emerging Therapies, Third Edition

Malignant Liver Tumors: Current and Emerging Therapies, Third Edition

How to Cite

Heneghan, M. A. and Yeoman, A. D. (2010) Ethanol and Other Percutaneous Injection Modalities in the Treatment of Liver Tumors, in Malignant Liver Tumors: Current and Emerging Therapies, Third Edition (eds P.-A. Clavien and S. Breitenstein), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317053.ch22

Editor Information

  1. Department of Surgery, Swiss Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary and Transplantation Center, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. Institute of Liver Studies, King's College Hospital, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 DEC 2009
  2. Published Print: 12 JAN 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405179768

Online ISBN: 9781444317053

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Keywords:

  • Percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI);
  • positron emission tomography (PET);
  • percutaneous low - concentration alkali injection therapy (PLAIT);
  • Percutaneous ethanol injection of metastatic disease;
  • microwave coagulation therapy (MCT);
  • “multiablation therapy”;
  • Percutaneous acetic acid injection;
  • radiofrequency ablation (RFA);
  • Laparoscopic ethanol therapy

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Mechanism of action

  • Acetic acid injection

  • Patients election

  • Contraindications

  • Procedure

  • Complications of therapy

  • Follow-up imaging

  • Clinical results

  • Hots aline injection

  • Comparison of percutaneous ethanol injection and radiofrequency ablation

  • Combined transcatheter arterial embolization/radiofrequency ablation and percutaneous ethanol injection

  • Percutaneous ethanol injection of metastatic disease

  • Intralesional chemotherapy

  • Cost

  • The future of percutaneous therapy

  • Conclusion

  • Self-assessment questions

  • References

  • Self-assessment answers