Chapter 7. Development of Neural Control of Orofacial Movements for Speech

  1. William J. Hardcastle,
  2. John Laver and
  3. Fiona E. Gibbon
  1. Anne Smith

Published Online: 18 JAN 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317251.ch7

The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, Second Edition

The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, Second Edition

How to Cite

Smith, A. (2010) Development of Neural Control of Orofacial Movements for Speech, in The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, Second Edition (eds W. J. Hardcastle, J. Laver and F. E. Gibbon), Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317251.ch7

Author Information

  1. Purdue University, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JAN 2010
  2. Published Print: 5 FEB 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405145909

Online ISBN: 9781444317251

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Keywords:

  • neural control of orofacial movements for speech;
  • diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) - mapping of fiber tracts for interregional communication;
  • three intrinsic muscles of human tongue – longitudinalis, verticalis, transversus;
  • amplitude, duration, and velocity - parameters for any movement trajectory;
  • functional synergies - fundamental units controlling movement;
  • neuromotor noise - increasing consistency of motor output;
  • auditory and somatosensory feedback - critical role in speech motor control processes;
  • electroencephalographic (EEG) studies and examining movement related potentials

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Macro- and Microstructural Characteristics of the Brain in Subhuman Primates and Man

  • Acoustic Communication in Monkeys and Apes

  • Cerebral Representation of Orofacial and Laryngeal Musculature in Subhuman Primates

  • Morphological Asymmetries of Primary and Nonprimary Motor Areas in Subhuman Primates and Man

  • Cortical Maps of Vocal Tract Muscle Representation in Humans

  • Electro- and Magnetoencephalographic Measurements of the Time Course of Brain Activity Related to Spreech Production

  • Clinical Data: Compromised Motor Aspects of Speech Production in Focal Brain Lesions and Degenerative Diseases of the Central Nervous System (CNS)

  • Cerebral Networks of Speech Motor Control: Functional Hemodynamic Imaging Studies

  • Conclusions

  • References