Chapter 8. Helping People with their Thinking

  1. Richard Velleman and
  2. Sarajane Aris

Published Online: 10 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317473.ch8

Counselling and Helping, Second edition

Counselling and Helping, Second edition

How to Cite

Velleman, R. and Aris, S. (2009) Helping People with their Thinking, in Counselling and Helping, Second edition, BPS Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317473.ch8

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 DEC 2009
  2. Published Print: 15 JAN 2009

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405106108

Online ISBN: 9781444317473



  • helping people with their thinking;
  • clients' negative thoughts and unhelpful beliefs;
  • cognitive therapy, major approach to counselling;
  • the way we think about ourselves - developing and maintaining problems;
  • mood and thought being linked;
  • negative vicious cycle;
  • recognizing and identifying negative or unhelpful thoughts;
  • identifying unhelpful or irrational thinking and beliefs;
  • using rules to develop perspective;
  • cognitive approach to helping - person's reactions to events producing distress


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Background to the Cognitive Approach

  • Four Key Steps to Thinking Differently

  • Step 1: Recognizing and Identifying Negative or Unhelpful Thoughts

  • Step 2: Identifying Unhelpful or Irrational Thinking and Beliefs

  • Step 3: Helping People to Change their Thoughts and Beliefs

  • Summary of Steps 1 to 3

  • Step 4: Practising and Action-Planning

  • The Application of Working with Thinking