17. The Neonate

  1. Tony Burns MB, BS, FRCP Emeritus Consultant Dermatologist4,
  2. Stephen Breathnach MA, MB, BChir, MD, PhD, FRCP Consultant Dermatologist5,6,
  3. Neil Cox BSc, MB, ChB, FRCP(Lond & Edin) Consultant Dermatologist Visiting Professor7,8 and
  4. Christopher Griffiths BSc, MD, FRCP, FRCPath Professor of Dermatology Consultant Dermatologist9
  1. D. G. Paige MBBS, MA, FRCP Consultant Dermatologist1,
  2. A. R. Gennery MD, MRCP, MRCPCH, DCH, DipMedSci Reader Paediatric Immunology2 and
  3. A. J. Cant BSc, MD, FRCP, FRCPCH Consultant3

Published Online: 6 MAY 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9781444317633.ch17

Rook's Textbook of Dermatology, Eighth Edition

Rook's Textbook of Dermatology, Eighth Edition

How to Cite

Paige, D. G., Gennery, A. R. and Cant, A. J. (2010) The Neonate, in Rook's Textbook of Dermatology, Eighth Edition (eds T. Burns, S. Breathnach, N. Cox and C. Griffiths), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444317633.ch17

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Leicester Royal Infirmary, Infirmary Square, Leicester LE1 5WW, UK

  2. 5

    St John's Institute of Dermatology, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, London SE1 7EH, UK

  3. 6

    Epsom & St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust, Epsom, Surrey, UK

  4. 7

    Department of Dermatology, Cumberland Infirmary, Carlisle CA2 7HY, UK

  5. 8

    University of Cumbria, Carlisle CA1 2HH, UK

  6. 9

    The Dermatology Centre, University of Manchester, Salford Royal Hospital, Salford, Manchester M6 8HD, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Dermatology, Barts and the Royal London NHS Trust, London, Whitechapel, London E1 1BB, UK

  2. 2

    Children's BMT Unit, Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 6BE, UK

  3. 3

    Paediatric Immunology & Infectious Diseases, Children's BMT Unit, Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 6BE, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 MAY 2010
  2. Published Print: 22 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405161695

Online ISBN: 9781444317633



  • neonate, born alive before 37th week of gestation, premature or preterm;
  • intrauterine growth retardation - birth weight low for gestational age;
  • topical petrolatum-based emollients in preterms - reducing trans epidermal water loss (TEWL);
  • X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia - scaling of skin in neonatal period;
  • neonatal occipital alopecia;
  • hypertrophic gingivitis, in pregnant women, whitish hue to oral mucosa;
  • Miliaria rubra comprising erythematous papules and papulovesicles;
  • periporitis;
  • corneocytes - mechanical protection from external environment;
  • higher pH of urine - more liable an infant is to develop irritant napkin dermatitis


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Skin disorders in the neonate

  • Disorders caused by transplacental transfer of maternal autoantibodies

  • Disorders caused by transfer of toxic substances in maternal milk

  • ‘Collodion’ baby

  • Eczematous eruptions in the newborn

  • Infantile psoriasis and napkin psoriasis

  • ‘Blueberry muffin’ baby (dermal erythropoiesis)

  • Neonatal purpura fulminans

  • Acute haemorrhagic oedema of childhood

  • Disorders of subcutaneous fat

  • Infections

  • Primary immunodeficiency disorders

  • References